New Zealand Journalism Education Online

Jeanz membership benefits

Jeanz officers

Jeanz contacts
Jeanz rules
Conference papers
Refereed articles
Thesis summaries
Student work
JTO reports


Pacific Journalism Review
Pacific Media Centre
JERAA (Aust.)





Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on March 27, 2014

Report prepared by Grant Hannis

Present: Mike Fletcher, Clive Lind, Grant Hannis, Bernie Whelan, Rebecca Palmer, Patrick Crewdson, John Cudby (leaving the JTO at the end of April), Patricia Brooking, John Spring, Jeremy Rees, Rick Neville, Kim Gillespie, Fiona Kingsford (Competenz)
(Apologies from Laura Franklin.)


After confirming the minutes of the previous meeting, Mike noted that the JTO has now become part of Competenz, an ITO based in Auckland.


The audited end-of-calendar-year accounts for the JTO show a loss of $8140, higher than the forecast loss of $2666. This was due to a $5000 item to cover external moderation.
Rebecca noted that JTO membership fees had dropped about $10,000 over the year. Mike explained that this was due to some organisations leaving the JTO due to financial pressures.
Grant asked that a list of the financial members of the JTO and of those actively engaged in training be included regularly in future reports. Mike said that this would be done.
Fiona confirmed that, following the Competenz merger, JTO accounts will continue to be separately prepared.

Workplace training

Mike noted that 33 trainees are undertaking the JTO’s National Diploma in Applied Journalism. Five trainees recently graduated.
Greg Taipari, who graduated in 2011, was recently appointed chief reporter of Hawke’s Bay Today. This is the most senior appointment for a graduate thus far.
Three Fairfax trainees are currently doing the diploma, rather than attending a J School. Jeremy asked Clive to elaborate on how the cadetship scheme works, with Clive explaining that Fairfax is providing journalism training in-house.

J Schools

The JTO’s survey of J-School enrolments confirms that numbers are down. In 2014 the number of enrolments is 231; in 2013 the number was 281.
The 2014 numbers are:
Aoraki: 20 (13 NDJ)
AUT: 70 (20 postgrad, 50 undergrad degree)
CPIT: 20
Canterbury: 13
Massey: 21 (17 PGDJ, 4 MJ)
SIT: 11
Waiariki: 0 (in abeyance)
Whitireia: 44 (29 NDJ, 10 Cert, 5 Radio)
Wintec: 24 (12 degree, 12 NDJ)
Mike noted that the reasons for the decline included students questioning journalism as a career and the removal of the student allowance for postgraduate students. He argued the J Schools must market their courses to help arrest the decline.
Grant noted that, should Fairfax expand its cadetship scheme, this will likely reduce student numbers further.
Rebecca asked if any J students are international students. Grant confirmed that Massey has one international student (from India), but did not know if other J Schools had international students.
Mike continues to face difficulties obtaining statistics from the J Schools on such matters as student sex, ethnicity, etc. He asks that all schools please provide the necessary data in a timely fashion. Grant supported Mike’s plea.


Moderation of the J Schools will take place on November 4-5, 2014. The JTO will moderate news writing and news photography. Moderation material has been sent to the J Schools.
Although he is retiring soon (see below), Mike will still be involved in moderation at the end of this year.
NZQA’s target review of qualifications will include the Level 5 National Diploma in Journalism this year. The unit standards that underpin the JTO’s National Diploma in Applied Journalism are also being reviewed.
A new Level 6 unit standard is being developed for statistics and numeracy.


About 200 copies of the new version of Intro have been sold. Mike is very pleased with the level of uptake among the J Schools for the textbook.
A software issue that affected online sales of the book is being addressed.

Canon Media Awards

The JTO was again involved in judging the awards, with the finalists to be announced soon.

Mike retiring

Due to ill health, Mike will be retiring in May. His doctors say with rest and relaxation he should be OK.
Mike’s replacement is Karyn Scherer, a journalist of many years’ standing. She will be based in Auckland and will be attending industry liaison committee meetings nationally. The logistics of future JTO meetings is still to be decided.
A ceremony was then held to mark Mike’s departure, for which other guests arrived, including Bob Cotton and Mary Major. Numerous speeches were made. Clive said Mike’s experience would be missed: Mike had worked his way up from a junior reporter to a senior executive in the journalism industry, working in newspapers both here and in Australia. Mike had also spent many years on the JTO. Clive thanked Mike for his great service.
Grant thanked Mike for all his hard work on such matters as unit standards reviews and the Intro book, as well as his unfailing good cheer. Bernie noted Mike’s commitment to journalism students and journalism training, saying Whitireia’s students were entranced by Mike’s recent speech to them.
Mike thanked everyone for their kind words and remembered, as a young reporter, covering similar events when “some worthy” retired. “I never thought I’d end up being in the same place!” Mike added that journalism was the best job in the world, offering so many opportunities. He said the two key skills for any good journalist were good interviewing technique and good writing. He had greatly enjoyed his career and now looked forward to retiring to Opotiki with his wife, Jane, to enjoy some fishing.
Mike was presented with several gifts, including an original New Zealand Herald from 1959, when he began his journalism career.

Next meeting

The next meetings of the JTO for 2014 are scheduled for July 8 and November 4.

Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on October 15, 2013

Report prepared by Grant Hannis

Those present: Mike Fletcher, Clive Lind, Grant Hannis, Bernie Whelan, Peter MacKenzie, Patricia Brooking, Patrick Crewdson, Jeremy Rees, Laura Franklin, John Spring and John Cudby.

After confirming the minutes of the previous meeting, Mike discussed the JTO’s moderation of the journalism schools. He confirmed that all schools passed moderation.

It is likely news writing will be moderated next year and that the deadline for submitting material will return to October.

He will be discussing moderation in more detail at the upcoming Jeanz conference.

Waiariki did not submit material for moderation, as the course is in abeyance. It is not likely to return in 2014, but may offer a certificate programme in 2015.

J schools
Mike updated the council on activities at the J schools. There are 234 students enrolled at the journalism schools.

There is a feeling that some of the schools have become too focussed on the technicalities of internet journalism and not enough time is being spent on the basics of newsgathering, news writing, etc. Again, Mike can discuss this at the Jeanz conference.

Careers NZ
The JTO is working with Careers New Zealand to update its information on journalism. Grant made the point that the Careers NZ material hinders the J schools’ abilities to recruit students. Grant thanked Mike for his efforts in addressing this.

Workplace training
The number of trainees in the JTO’s workplace training programme is 38. There are 32 graduates thus far.

Media watchdog
The JTO supports the government’s decision to shelve plans for a single news media watchdog. The JTO’s view is that the existing regulatory bodies are doing a fine job.

It is anticipated that the new textbook will be launched at the Jeanz conference in late November.

Canon Media Awards
As mentioned in the last report, the NPA has approached the JTO asking if it will contribute financially to the Canon Media Awards.

The JTO already contributes $500, being the student journalism prize. In addition, the JTO is proposing to contribute an additional $2000 a year for three years.

CMITO merger
It is likely the CMITO, of which the JTO is a part, will merge with Competenz, a large ITO that offers industry training across a range of sectors including engineering, manufacturing and some trades.

From the JTO’s perspective, there seems to be a good cultural fit with Competenz. The head of Competenz, John Blakey, was involved in establishing the journalism programme at ATI (now AUT University) and has a good understanding of the JTO’s needs. The JTO would likely retain its separate identity and have its reserves kept separate in any merged entity.

Discussions are continuing, and a merger is likely early in 2014.

For details on Competenz, see

The next meeting of the JTO Council will take place in 2014.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on July 16, 2013

Report prepared by Grant Hannis

Those present: Mike Fletcher, Clive Lind, Grant Hannis, Bernie Whelan, Kim Gillespie, Peter MacKenzie, Rick Neville, Patricia Brooking and John Cudby.

Workplace training
After confirming the minutes of the previous meeting, Mike discussed the JTO’s workplace training programme. The number of trainees is 37, with more to come. There are 29 graduates thus far.

The CMITO is working with NZQA on a review of journalism qualifications. As part of the review, the JTO will call an industry meeting later in the year to discuss the qualifications’ objectives and underlying unit standards.

J schools
Mike updated the council on activities at the J schools. He noted Aoraki is facing challenges, with the sole tutor being required to also teach shorthand. The JTO and Aoraki’s industry liaison committee are voicing their concerns over this unsatisfactory state with Aoraki’s management. On a brighter note, Aoraki’s new level 4 qualifications are doing well, with good student numbers.

The other J schools that Mike has visited recently – Massey, WITT and Wintec – are going well.

Mike noted that work on the new edition of Intro is proceeding. The book should be available for semester one next year.

Law Commission report
The JTO has prepared a report analysing the Law Commission’s proposed reform of news media standards bodies. The JTO’s report identified three areas of concern:

- Potential for rule cross-infection; that is to say, tight restrictions that exist on some news media may be applied to all media. For instance, the BSA’s complex and rigid rules on privacy and children’s interests could be applied to other media.
- An over-representation of public representatives on the proposed News Media Standards Authority (NMSA) and its constituent bodies, which could neuter the media.
- The exclusion of currently serving editors on the NMSA’s key bodies, thereby excluding those with current, practical journalistic experience.

Rick Neville also expressed industry concerns about the proposals. For instance, the BSA is a relatively expensive organisation to run, and if it were used as the model for the NMSA this could see significant additional expense incurred by the print industry.

Rick and Clive said there was an argument for the Press Council to remain in existence and be given stronger powers, such as the ability to impose fines.

Canon Media Awards
Rick went on to talk about the Canon Media Awards.

He said the awards are now the country’s leading media awards, following the collapse of the television awards. But, despite sponsorship, the Canon awards have a significant funding shortfall. Possible solutions include increasing ticket prices and charging a fee on entries, but these are not favoured. Another option is having the magazine industry contribute to funding the awards.

He asked the JTO to consider significantly increasing its financial contribution to the awards. Mike and Clive said the JTO would consider this, but the matter would need to go to the CMITO’s board.

CMITO merger
Clive Lind and John Cudby spoke about the CMITO’s ongoing investigations regarding possible merger with a larger ITO.

Clive said the Government is applying pressure for the CMITO to merge, as part of a policy of reducing the number of ITOs in the country. John noted that the CMITO is a highly efficient organisation and is financially sound, but is small: it has about 260 full-time equivalent trainees, whereas the Government wants each ITO to have 1000 or more.

The CMITO has met with two possible merger candidates: Competenz and the Skills Organisation. Both have thousands of full-time equivalent trainees working in various fields and professions. Clive said both were happy for the JTO to continue to be a sector committee within their organisations, allowing the JTO to operate largely as currently.

Discussions with other possible merger partners are continuing.

Jim Tucker
At the end of the meeting, the JTO invited Jim Tucker in as guest of honour for a celebratory lunch.

Mary Major from the Press Council also attended the lunch, to wish Jim well.

Jim is retiring from Whitireia, and the lunch acknowledged Jim’s major contributions to journalism and journalism education over the years. Jim intends to relocate to Taranaki and continue his journalistic and other work.

The next meeting of the JTO Council is scheduled for 10am, Tuesday, October 15, 2013.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on April 16, 2013

Those present (in person or by phone): Mike Fletcher, Clive Lind, Kim Gillespie, John Spring, Trish Brooking, Jeremy Rees, John Cudby, Patrick Crewdson, Peter Mackenzie, Rebecca Palmer, Grant Hannis(Jeanz rep). Apologies: Michael Cummings, Mark Torley, Melanie Jones, Rick Neville, Ana Tapiata

Annual audited accounts
For the 2012 financial year, the JTO showed a surplus of $36,451. This is a turnaround on the loss of $25,061 in 2011.
The primary reasons were increased industry subscriptions and a greatly reduced cost associated with revising unit standards.

New CMITO head

The JTO is part of the Communication and Media Industry Training Organisation. The chief executive Joan Grace left to move to Australia last year. She was replaced by Tim Pankhurst, but he has since left to take up a job with the Seafood Industry Council. John Cudby has now taken over the role.

CMITO/JTO possible merger with another ITO

As the Government wishes to see fewer ITOs, the CMITO is considering merging with another ITO. Discussions have been held with several ITOs, but nothing definite has come together yet.

Workplace training

There are currently 31 trainees on the JTO course. Four are expected to graduate soon, taking the total number of graduates to 32.

Strategic direction of journalism education

In October the JTO held a planning day with industry to identify the key areas for journalism training. These are: improved web skills, greater ability to generate new-story ideas, better general knowledge and ongoing training of journalists (including possibly reviving chief reporter and news editor training conferences).

J schools

There are 288 students enrolled in journalism schools. Some detailed data on journalism students (sex, ethnicity, etc.), has been collected, but some J schools are slow in providing this information. Mike will keep on at them.

: The new curriculum leader is Verica Rupar, who previously taught at Cardiff. AUT has opened major new facilities for the teaching of its undergraduate and postgraduate journalism programmes.

: The Canterbury course has resumed. The new head is Tara Ross. She is hoping to convert the course into a truly postgraduate programme.

: Massey has established a postgraduate programme in journalism. There are 26 students on the programme.

: Tutor Phil McCarthy has left the programme to take a communications job at Venture Southland. The tutor’s role is currently being shared by Paddy Lewis and Karen Arnold.

: Wintec has been basing its teaching around its online newspaper, Waikato Independent. This has proven very successful, with the newspaper clocking up 14,000 page views. The paper can be seen at

: The Waiariki course is in abeyance, due to insufficient enrolments. Waiariki may resume some form of journalism training in future.

: Jim Tucker has been appointed Associate Dean of Arts at Whitireia. The new head of the journalism programme is Bernie Whelan, with Ana Tapiata teaching radio. A recent highlight was Whitireia’s hosting of the annual Jeanz conference.


This year the J schools will be moderated on news gathering. Moderation will take place in early September.

Next meeting

The next meeting of the JTO will take place on July 16. The final meeting for the year will take place on October 15.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on October 17, 2012

Workplace training
The 27 journalists who have graduated with the National Diploma in Applied Journalism, marks the completion of the first intake, from 40 who originally enrolled. Currently 31 are in the 21-month course.

Workplace visits
Visits to trainees in workplaces is giving Mike Fletcher the opportunity to run workshops to supplement the scheme. The visits are supplemented with CMITO staff calls regarding deadlines and calls from Mike.

The E-learning section on the NZJTO website contains 18 papers on core journalism topics including gather and writing, interviewing, contempt, defamation, court reporting and media law.

Tertiary sector
The JTO has begun to compile better statistics on J-schools’ key indications such as enrolments, graduations, jobs secured, gender and ethnicity. Enrolments and graduations gives employers a league table of the standing of schools.
During eight visits to schools Mike Fletcher has delivered talks with students.

Moderation plans are well advanced for local government and court reporting in November. This year’s topics for the JTO-JEANZ workshop on November 28 in Wellington are moderation results, findings of the JTO-industry workshop, a presentation by the Statistics NZ on polls and surveys based on one run the the NZ Herald recently.

The Level 4 New Zealand Certificate in Journalism is still held up somewhere in the NZQA system, with the issue understood to be related to NZQA wanting to set standards historically the domain of the industry.

Canterbury University has appointed Tara Ross to the post of senior lecturer in journalism.

Secondary schools
The JTO is involved for the first time with assessing and moderation of level two and three unit standards for schools, mainly to Gateway pupils. The material is  provided by the JTO.

Tribute to Joan Grace
Joan Grace left CMITO on October 26 for Australia. Mike Fletcher acknowledged the work put in by Joan since the JTO’s amalgamation with PrintNZ Training to form CMITO in 2008. She has played big roles in the development and setting up of the workplace training scheme and in revising the Level 5 unit standards for the National Diploma in Journalism. Joan has helped build a firm foundation for the JTO, assisted with providing strategic clarity, including the development of a comprehensive biannual report to the Tertiary Education Commission. Mike reported on a personal front, Joan has helped develop the role of the ED and provided a background experience on providing learning within the tertiary sector while at the same time meeting industry expectations.

Joan’s replacement
Tim Pankhurst has been appointed as general manager of the Communications and  Media ITO.

J-Schools round up
AUT: Verica Rupar from Cardiff School of Journalism takes over as head in February. This year there were 70 students studying at AUT, 40 in the Bachelor of Communication Studies journalism major and 28 on the Postgraduate Diploma in Communication Studies (journalism parthway) and two on the Graduate Diploma in Pacific Journalism. Enrolments for the Year 1 of BCS are strong and about 40 students are taken into third-year journalism major. There are 60 to 70 applicants for the 30 places in the 2013 postgrad diploma. From next year journalism will be taught in all years of the BCS course and staff are designing a new paper.

Aoraki: The nine diploma students provided the Taieri Herald copy for three weeks when they were shorthanded. Editor Daryl Holden says employing the students worked so well he may look at it again. All nine are expected to graduate. There are seven applications for 2013, four new and three from Aoraki’s media communication course.

Massey: The Graduate Diploma in Journalism reports all students are on track to pass the course. Five are Fairfax interns and there are other job opportunities likely. Four students have won Asia NZ Foundation scholarships. Asia NZ signals it wishes to make its scholarships available to all journalism schools in future. The intake for 2103 is in train and interviewees will complete a small writing and grammar test. Massey’s proposed Master of Journalism and a Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism are with the university’s administrators and it hopes to offer both in 2013.

Western Institute
A new record for stories published is expect this year in Taranaki newspapers. A journalist has been employed to teach shorthand. Given two tutors have been used this year, some students have struggled. Robin reports the new level 5 unit standars are easier to use.

Broadcasting School
Media outlets are showing interest in students as potential video journalists. Stuff has offered an internship. Other outlets are offering jobs as online content producers. Nine second-year students have gone on internships, there are 20 first-year students and 19 in second year. New tutor Vick Wilkinson-Baker has settled in.

Southern Institute of Technology
After starting with 17 students there have been five withdrawals. Phil McCarthy says the onus is on successful outcomes so there can be no room to carry non-achieving students. Work experience for the remaining 12 has been successful. Several have struggled with shorthand. The job outlook is promising.

The shorthand problem discussed by the JTO sector committee in July is confined to students in the media arts degree which includes NatDipJ studies in the third year. Third years are performing well in all subjects but shorthand. Some will not pass shorthand but they will get their degree. The eight on the NatDipJ, however, are taking shorthand seriously. Wintec has no explanation for the low numbers. Combined with the degree, numbers are at 20. Charles Riddle says the new unit standards have meant students spend more time in the community gathering material and writing news ratherthan in the classroom on theory. The Waikato Independent is now embedded in the course, and became part of the annual coverage of the Fieldays, with multimedia stories included and social media site Storify used to create and preserve stories or timelines using social media such as Twitter. The local job market is tight.

New senior lecturer Tara Ross, a former senior journalist on The Press and Sunday Star-Times, will report to Donald Matheson, head of media studies. The 2013 course will for the first time be open to international students subject to entry criteria.  The appointment comes after senior managers earlier in the year questioned the need for the course and Tara’s appointment was backed by Fairfax group executive editor Paul Thompson. Tara is undertaking a PhD examining Pasifika news media in NZ.

The J-school is anticipating its best graduation rate since 2006 – four of the seven graduating this year, and another next year once shorthand is complete. The 57% graduation rate compares with 30% last year. The improvement reflects Waiariki’s support for tutor Lani Kereopa, focus on the unit standard requirements and reducing the duration from 18 months to 12. Ten started the year. In 2013 shorthand will be concentrated into the first half of the course. Students have been getting regular newsroom experience at the Daily Post.

Jim Tucker reports 68 students are studying journalism – 28 on the NatDipJ, 28 on the certificate and 12 on radio. The April graduation class enjoyed a 90% uptake in jobs. Whitireia is looking at expanding ist Radio Journalism Diploma to incude video, and it has employed a social media tutor to broaden the teaching of web and social media content. The NewsWire website has been relaunched with a new look and to include radio bulletins and podcasts from students.

Bernie Whelan, Jeanz president


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on July 19, 2012

By Bernie Whelan

Workplace training

Twenty-six trainees have met all requirements for the National Diploma in Applied Journalism. Thirty trainees are on the 21-month course, eight sign-ups are pending. Trainees have regular contact with either CMITO staff or Mike Fletcher.
A new level 6 unit standard on reporting and videography for internet news sites and understanding technical issues relating to internet reporting has been registered on the NZQA framework. Once a curriculum has been drafted, peer-reviewed and signed off by editors, the unit will become an option for trainees.


In his report, Mike Fletcher said all newspaper groups, and independents, are supporting the scheme and value is beginning to be recognised. Many of the trainees are in their first or second year (it is hoped that the scheme will eventually become an automatic sign-up for first year journalists) and they are breaking some big stories.
Directly from the report: “They say they find the ethics and media law portfolios the most challenging. This may be because these subjects require a good deal of research and self-study, as opposed to gathering news-writing and feature material for portfolios. These comments are not surprising. Sometimes trainees need reminding that they are receiving training every day from chief reporters.”
The first intake originally started with 36, and Mike told the meeting that of those who did not complete, all had gone overseas.


Portfolios show story construction and too-wordy intros are major works in progress. Discussion around the table suggested J-Schools were targeting intros of 20 to 25 words. From Mike’s report: “Either some trainees are setting aside the news writing conventions they learned at J-school in favour of some experimentation or they never truly mastered the rules”. There was discussion about regression after graduates get into the newsroom because there was not enough time for newsroom leaders to check copy.

From the report: “The JTO emphasis in all trainees’ assessment reports the need to tell the story in the first 5-6 pars and then bring in more detail/comment and opinion of the people involved”. Mike told the meeting he was looking at organising an industry meeting, possibly involving chief reporters, to go over these story writing issues, to ask if things have changed, and to give feedback to the education providers.

Workplace spin-off

Mike is discussing the idea of adding value to the scheme, for example with small workshops, which have already happened during his workplace visit. However this requires care because the JTO cannot be a provider and overseer.

There has been good feedback of journalists using the JTO’s E-learning materials on the website. They include news writing, feature writing, media law, court reporting, interviewing.

Tertiary sector
From attending eight J-school industry liaison meetings this year, Mike reports feedback from tutors who indicate the revised level five unit standards for the National Diploma in Journalism are easier to deliver than their predecessors. Less formal assessment has meant less formal class time and more time learning gathering and writing of news.
Progress on the new level 4 “taster” qualification is being made, but it is painfully slow thanks to reaction to government policy about the number of qualifications available. However the unit standards have been approved. SIT, Aoraki, Whitireia and Waiariki plan to run Level 4 as a better stepping stone to the level 5 National Diploma. It was raised that Aoraki and Whitireia already deliver local Level 4 qualifications because they provide a better level.
J-School enrolments for newsroom-entry courses total 253, down from 257 last year. The ongoing trend of high female numbers is under discussion by the JTO sector committee.

External moderation of workplace scheme
The scheme passed moderation by Norma Woodhead, who oversees the J-School moderation. Her report was included in the meeting documents. In discussion Mike noted that through the 1990s and 2000s the JTO failed every evaluation by TEC and NZQA, and the difference was now the organisation had decided to fit in with the systems required of the government bodies.

Local government and court reporting will be moderated in November. Included in the panel this year will be Andrew Bonallack, editor of APN’s Citylife communities in Wellington, and Allison Oosterman will fly down from AUT.
Following last year’s moderation, Mike noted Wintec had offered assistance to Waiariki and Jeremy Smith is expected to spend time there.

J-School statistics
Mike has put together a thorough and interesting table on student destinations from information supplied by eight of the nine schools. The total job percentages were: AUT 84% (62 of 74), Broadcast School 88% (16 of 18), Canterbury 84% (16 or 19), Massey 85% (17 of 20), SIT 88% (7 of 8), Waiariki 70% (5 from 7, updated verbally), Wintec 77% (20 of 26), Whitireia 95% (21 of 22), Witt 100% (6 of 6).
The figures line up with occupational data.
Mike also produced a thorough table on enrolment, gender and ethnicity. Major gaps showed up in males, Maori, Pacific and Asians.

J-School notes
Schools are beginning news gathering as early as week two. Previously some had waited eight to 10 weeks.
Massey’s post-graduate proposal, for a postgraduate Diploma in Journalism which will be the first year of a Master of Journalism, is proceeding through the university system. Working journalists wanting to complete a masters would have to undertake a Postgraduate Diploma in Communication first. Dr Cathy Strong has rejoined the school and Alan Samson has returned to part-time teaching.

Waiariki has reduced shorthand to six months of teaching. The school reports tutors now have a greater understanding of unit standard requirements after working with academic staff. It intends to offer the Level 4 certificate.

SIT reports the new unit standards are easier to teach to the 17 students, including three part-timers. SIT is using Twitter, Facebook and direct email as part of the marketing mix for the course. The school intends to offer the Level 4 certificate.

WITT is in its second year using Daily News premises and it is working well, with students learning how the newsroom work, reaching publishable standard and having their bylines in local media.

Wintec’s report suggested a major issue with shorthand, including students challenging its need (In the meeting, Tim Pankhurst questioned why students had not been given a strong message about the necessity during interviews for the programme). Wintec’s online newspaper, Waikato Independent, is a useful and motivational teaching tool.

Whitireia reports a higher level of quality work in the national diploma, especially in newer areas such as video and use of social media. The level of early employment for the class which completed study on April this year was high. The report states a journalism stream for the Whitireia Bachelor of Applied Arts has been superseded, however the degree has been put on hold due to enrolment concerns and fitting with current programmes. Whitireia is now looking at developing its radio diploma into a broadcasting diploma offering video journalism. 

Canterbury is currently advertising for a head of school. AUT is understood to be close to an appointment of a head of school.

CMITO chief executive Joan Grace’s report on Europe
A thorough report from Joan was attached covering her visits to the National Council for Training Journalists, Cardiff University School of Journalism, and the Guardian Newspaper. Joan was unwell and could not attend to speak to the report, however, she will expand on it further at the JTO-JEANZ day on Wednesday, November 28, at the start of the Journalism Educators Association of New Zealand conference at Whitireia Polytechnic.
There was discussion about CMITO’s place in a future of rationalized ITOs. Tim Pankhurst reported that the organization had decided to sit on the sidelines and wait because there was no logical fit for CMITO with others. The organization could rely on its top ranking for performance in the sector.

Next meetings
This is October 17 but the venue may change if the Newspaper Publishers Association moves premises.
Discussions of an alternative included Auckland, although it was suggested by Grant Hannis this might be better suited for next year to time in with the JEANZ conference at AUT’s new premises.

Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on April 11, 2012

The acting chairman, Mark Torley, welcomed those present and those linked by audio-conference.


Physical: Mark Torley, Joan Grace, Bernie Whelan (Jeanz), Grant Hannis (Jeanz), Rebecca Palmer, Tim Pankhurst; by audo-conference: Kim Gillesepie, Peter Mackenzie, Michael Cummings. In attendance the executive director, Mike Fletcher.


Clive Lind,  Melanie Jones, Keith Slater,  Laura Franklin, John Spring. Confirmed: Mark Torley/ Bernie Whelan.

Previous minutes

Minutes of the October 19 meeting were  received: Bernie Whelan/ Rebecca; confirmed: Grant Hannis/Peter Mackenzie.

Business plan for 2012 and activity update

Mike Fletcher commented on the plan and activity undertaken since the October meeting.
Business plan and activity report confirmed: Tim Pankhurst/Michael Cummings.

Finance report:

The report noted a loss of $4500 for the year ended December 31, 2012.  The ED said the loss reflected lower than budget book sales (affected by the Christchurch earthquake) and higher than budget costs relating to training development (unit standards).
Financial report confirmed:  Bernie Whelan/Grant Hannis.

Law Commission submission

The ED tabled a submission to the Law Commission, which is reviewing the regulatory regime for the news media and how this relates to new and emerging forms of news media.
Submission confirmed: Rebecca/Kim Gillespie


The ED said material on news writing and media law had been posted on the NZJTO website.
Report confirmed:  Bernie Whelan/Grant Hannis

J-schools’ activity

The ED tabled data on enrolments, gender, prior learning and ethnicity of students.
Discussion: Members noted the enrolments showed 142 females compared with 81 males. Michael Cummings said while there was no easy fix for the situation, the industry needed to be mindful of the need for strategies to address the imbalance.
Grant Hannis and Bernie Whelan, representing journalism educators, said journalism studies had attracted more females than males for a number of years.
Tim Pankhurst said a bigger issue was the fact no Asian students were enrolled. He noted the slight growth in Maori and Pacifika students.
Report confirmed: Peter Mackenzie/Rebecca Palmer

Moderation 2011

The meeting discussed the report on the annual external moderation of J-schools. All but Waiariki had met the moderation requirements. The ED said that as instructed by the moderation panel he was working closely with Waiariki. The institution had assigned two academic staff to improve matters.  Problems had related to tutors not understanding the full requirements of the unit standards and the required level of delivery.
Report confirmed: Tim Pankhurst/Grant Hannis.

Moderation 2012

The ED outlined the requirements for the 2012 moderation.
Report confirmed: Michael Cummings/Peter Mackenzie

CMITO update:

CMITO CEO Joan Grace gave a verbal update on industry training.  She said there would be changes with the ITO sector but the detail of the changes had yet to be outlined by the government and its agencies.
As a result of the Minister’s desire to reduce the number of ITOs to 6-8, the CMITO had begun exploring its options.
The CMITO board had agreed that four key elements must be preserved in any amalgamation.  These were:

  • Retaining the quality of training
  • Keeping alive the identities of the sector groups
  • Ring-fencing reserves
  • Planned transition

The meeting closed at 11.15am

Next meeting: July 18, 2012


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on October 21, 2011

Workplace training:
Radio/TV/Web - The JTO is working on signing up trainees now that the radio modules have been approved for the National Diploma in Applied Journalism. Units for TV journalists are close to being signed off. The JTO is waiting to hear back from industry experts on the web journalism modules.

Print – 17 trainees have met all requirements for the applied diploma. It is anticipated 78% of the first intake will be complete by the end of the year. Since it started, 49 trainees have undertaken study. For the second intake 25 have been signed on and there is a target of 30 by the end of this year.

In response to questions from Grant Hannis: Mike Fletcher and Clive Lind reported it was left to individual workplaces to present the diplomas; some trainees who had passed had been rewarded with higher pay or promotion, but not all; trainees were taking an average of 20 months to complete the course, which compares to the 12 months originally expected by industry, although one student did make it in less than 12 months; a new learning mentor staff resource has been put in place to support supervisors.

Level 5: All units are registered, ready for any providers intending to use them next year. Mike Fletcher understands Wintec will be doing that. Others will come on as they are ready. There is a carry-over period of two years to allow providers to work through their systems.

Level 4: These units are now with NZQA.

Pathway for learning: Work progresses on this “massive project” to have units below level 4 to create pathways into tertiary study for journalism and into the industry. It is scheduled for completion by the end of the year. The JTO will develop resources for schools. As part of developing this relationship with schools, Mike Fletcher will attend breakfast staged for careers guidance teachers next year and editors would be invited to attend. Grant Hannis requested J-Schools be offered the opportunity to be part of those breakfasts and this was agreed.

Jeanz conference, Hamilton: The annual JTO JEANZ day on the eve of the conference will include the following topics – the L5 national diploma units (options for assessment), textbook update, resources, data gathering (entrolments, graduation, jobs), results of 2011 moderation of J-schools. Mike Fletcher said JTO has been working with JEANZ to have Professor John Burrows as the keynote speaker. This is timely because moderation on October 18 showed there were questions around the use of the terms strong and weak when dealing with the subject of qualified privilege in media law. So he will be asked to explain this in layman’s terms for providers. Prof Burrows is also there to recognise Jim Tully’s 25 years. On the Wednesday 30th JTO-Jeanz day as usual unit standards will be dealt with in the morning and moderation in the afternoon.

Moderation: The October 18 moderation of the news reporting and media law modules involved Massey, AUT and CPIT. Mike Fletcher reported everyone received a big tick, and noted the dialogue on strong and weak qualified priviledge.

State of industry report: The JTO and a contractor continue to work on the comprehensive report on journalism training and journalism generally, for the Tertiary Education Commission. The project is scheduled to be completed by November.

Business plan: The JTO’s priorities to 2015 are to maintain the currency and relevance of registered qualifications; partner tertiary providers to deliver training; ensure effective workplace training pathways; provide careers advice. Activities in 2012 reflect those points. Clive Lind reported editors were now more connected with what the JTO was doing and he compared it to Australia which does not have a similar body, nor connection with J-schools.

Newsletter: Mike Fletcher has published the first of what will be three newsletters a year for members. Grant Hannis requested that providers be added to the mailing list and this will be done.

New website: This will be further developed to allow for E-learning opportunities through an effective written materials database. News writing and media law materials have been established for this database. There will be passwords issued to members, trainees and training providers and these will be continually updated.

Grant Hannis raised concerns about the front page introduction which states... “... some complete other tertiary studies and gain life experience before entering the industry”. While this was stating reality, it was agreed the page one text should reflect the industry’s preferred pathway, which is through J-Schools. Grant will develop a line of around 10 words and email to Mike. This has since been done.

Mike Fletcher reported job prospects looked tight, although there were no current figures available. Last year 129 or 197 graduates took up jobs in the industry.
Since the last meeting only SIT and Massey had meetings and the following were Mike’s notes:
SIT – Nine full-time and three part-times, students. Head tutor Phil McCarthyreports calibre of students appears to be increasing year by year and industry support is good. SIT’s shorthand reorganisation is working.
Massey – All Grad-Dip students are on track to pass. Massey will provide a further week on online study in 2012 to strengthen the convergence component. Class size next year will increase from 20 to 25. Interviews have been held for a successor to Alan Samson, who leaves in February. Plans are on track to lift the diploma to a postgraduate qualification, and to establish a Master of Journalism.
Aoraki - Peter McKenzie raised concerns about Aoraki making major changes to its media school in Dunedin and asked what was happening with the journalism school because information was vague. Mike Fletcher will make contact.
Whitireia - Clive Lind raised the fact Whitireia had communicated with industry that it was looking at developing a journalism degree, which would be developed from its established Bachelor of Applied Arts programme and said the JTO would be keeping in touch with this.

CMITO report: Joan Grace reported on the difficulties working with NZQA and TEC under the current government. She said the current regime suggested government was moving toward more private funding of industry training. She reported on visiting the Chicago Tribune and Columbia School of Journalism and opening up dialogue there about New Zealand universities developing a relationship with Columbia. University J-Schools should contact Joan to discuss this further.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on July 20, 2011

Present - physical: Clive Lind (chairman), Mark Torley (until 10.45am), Joan Grace, Tim Pankhurst, Grant Hannis; by audio-conference: John Spring, Nevil Gibson, Kim Gillespie, Keith Slater. In attendance: the executive director, Mike Fletcher


Melanie Jones, Peter Mackenzie. Confirmed: Clive Lind/Joan Grace

Previous minutes

Minutes of the March 16 Sector Committee meeting were confirmed: Grant Hannis/John Spring

Business plan and activity update

The business plan for 2011 was tabled. The ED’s report was taken as read. Mike Fletcher commented on the plan and activity undertaken since the March  meeting. Business plan and activity report confirmed: Tim Pankhurst/Mark Torle.

Financial report

The report said the year-to-date position (May 31) was stronger than anticipated, reflecting the timing of income and expenditure.  The annual budget forecast a surplus of $5000. Financial report confirmed: John Spring/Kim Gillespie

Unit standards update

The ED tabled a report on the progress of the pathway of learning for journalism, including the development of unit standards and qualifications. The meeting expressed satisfaction with the project. Clive Lind said much had been achieved. A clear pathway of learning from schools to workplace training was evident. He said that getting information to schools – where interest in journalism began – would be important. Equally important was the development of the newtaster programme at level 4. Report confirmed: Grant Hannis/Clive Lind

J-school statistics

The ED tabled a report on J-school statistics and activities. Tim Pankhurst said the report suggested that standards at J-schools within the polytechnic sector were improving. The rigour was reassuring. Clive Lind said the decision to relocate the Aoraki school from Timaru to Dunedin had been the correct one; student numbers were higher and the enrolment forecast for next year looked promising.  

The meeting agreed with Grant Hannis that Jim Tully’s Canon Lifetime Achievement Award be recognised.
Report confirmed: Tim Pankhurst/Nevil Gibson

General Business

Industry training/
Workplace supervisors: It was agreed the ED further investigate the possibility of a meeting for workplace training supervisors

JTO report to TEC:
JTO members were asked to provide the ED with information for the bi-annual report.  It was agreed that questions from Joan Grace relating to changes within journalism be circulated to members.

CMITO update

Joan Grace, the CMITO CEO, gave a brief overview. She was congratulated on the TEC report that praised the integrity and standards of the CMITO.

The meeting closed at 10.50am

Next meeting:  October 19.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on March 16, 2011

Present (either physical or by audio-conference): Clive Lind, Mark Torley, Bernie Whelan (Jeanz Rep), Anne Benson, John Spring, Michael Cummings, Nevil Gibson, Kim Gillespie, Peter Mackenzie, Keith Slater, Grant Hannis, Mike Fletcher.

Highlights of executive director Mike Fletcher’s report included:

Workplace training
– achieving programme completions and progress with most trainees:-
There are 39 trainees, three completions, several are on the verge and deadlines have been set for the bulk of them. The target is 30 new trainees for 2011.

Training for workplace supervisors:  Grant Hannis and Bernie Whelan supported the notion of a meeting of supervisors to discuss issues relating to the National Diploma in Applied Journalism.  Anne Benson said the JTO/CMITO executive would look into the matter. A handbook for trainers was also an option, she said.

Accreditation and Moderation Plan: This has been registered with NZQA

Level 5 units review: This is ongoing – simplification has been well received.

Schools: A taster programme for schools is ongoing with eight units at Level 2 being redrafted.

Iwi radio: At this stage the focus of discussions is on Level 4 qualification.

Level 4 National Certificate: 10 suitable L3 units being redrafted for L4 and providers being consulted.

JTO-JEANZ Workshop: This was staged in December and the main topics were moderation and the L5 review and sign-off of units. This year’s workshop is November 30 in Hamilton on the day before the annual conference.

Budget for 2011: The ED reported that the budget for all CMITO activity, including JTO operations, had been approved by the CMITO board. JTO income was forecast to be $108,000, with costs of $105,000.

Financial report: The result for the year ended December 2010 was a surplus of $25,948 compared with a negative of $20,581 for the year ended December 2009. The ED said the closing equity amounted to $115,855 compared with $89, 907 for 2009.

J-school statistics: The ED tabled a report on J-school statistics and activities. Enrolments up again this year. Graduation overall is 89%. TEC is placing increasing emphasis on institutions tracking graduate employment.

Moderation: Reports on the annual moderation of J-schools were tabled. Clive Lind, a member of the moderation panel, said the new system was working well. The outcomes provided a valuable snapshot for the industry and providers.

General Business
Social media: Clive Lind noted how the use of social media had assisted journalists covering the Christchurch earthquake. He said newsroom convergence was continuing and developing trends in social media would lead to further acceleration, something the JTO needed to be aware of.
Media Images: Bernie Whelan proposed a new Diploma in Media Images, combining videography and photography, driven by the demands of multimedia convergence. The ED is discussing requirements for the teaching of internet applications and level 5 and level 6. JTO to research with view to producing new unit standard.

CMITO update
Anne Benson, CMITO general manager, gave a brief overview of changes to ITO rules governing workplace training. She thanked the meeting for raising the training idea and said it was important for trainers to be adequately supported. The CMITO was looking at providing an on-line trainer forum, accessible from the JTO website.

Next meetings:  July 20, October 19.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on October 28, 2010

Welcome: The chairman, Clive Lind, welcomed those present and those linked via teleconference.

Present Physical: Clive Lind, Alan Samson, Charles Mabbett (until 11.10am), Peter O'Neill (Jeanz), Joan Grace; by audio-conference: John Spring, Michael Cummings, Nevil Gibson, Kim Gillespie, Peter Mackenzie. In attendance: the executive director, Mike Fletcher

Apologies: Keith Slater, Mark Torley, Tim Pankhurst

Previous minutes: Minutes of the July 28 Sector Committee meeting were confirmed.

Business plan and activity update: The ED's report was taken as read. Mike Fletcher commented on the various aspects of the 2010 activity plan. Discussion arising included:

Level 5 unit standards review: The ED reported that the unit standard on internet reporting was written four years ago. There had been considerable developments since that time. The unit had been referred to the industry for comment and updating. Charles Mabbett said social media was an important part of journalism today. Clive Lind asked if the industry or the J-schools should be providing the training. Peter Mackenzie said that given the lag between what was being taught and the speed of technological change it was a "waste of energy" to attempt to keep totally up to date. He believed the schools could not meet all possibilities.

Joan Grace said the unit standard was based on outcomes. How the unit was delivered would be up to the schools. Peter ONeill said the skill-set was about knowing how to use the internet to gather news for the various platforms. Kim Gillespie said reporters developed a familiarity with the web and an understanding of what could be done. Joan Grace said she was hearing comment that suggests a unit standard in this area would focus on using the internet to gather material for stories. Previously the focus was on writing for the internet.

Iwi radio: The ED tabled an action plan for the iwi radio project

Schools interface: The ED tabled an action plan for this project.

J-school activity: The ED tabled a report outlining activity at various J-schools. He also commented on the October meeting of the broadcasting liaison committee. Clive Lind reported he had been involved in a 5-year review of AUT. He said the industry liaison group now represented the entire school that encompassed many activities including journalism. Joan Grace said there was an opportunity for the media industry to offer to regularly meet the school. Clive Lid said he would keep the JTO informed on the prospects for regular meetings.

External moderation: This year all J-schools are being moderated on news writing and ethics. It was reported that on October 5, AUT, Massey and the Broadcasting School met the requirements of the CMITO in terms of the level and nature of the assessments and the completeness of the marking. Clive Lind, one of the industry representatives at the moderation meeting, said the process was a positive experience. It was good to discuss the basics of journalism. Alan Samson and Peter O'Neill, JEANZ representatives at the October 5 meeting, expressed support for the new annual system involving all schools.

Finance report: The report was taken as read, with the ED updating the member on the position at August 31. Joan Grace updated the committee on the TEC funding review, noting that:
The focus was on trainees completing their training within the timeframe of the training agreement;
Next year the CMITO would receive 95% of the funding it received this year.
She reaffirmed the need for the industry to fully commit to the journalism workplace training scheme.
The ED said a budget and project plan for 2011 would be prepared once the TEC funding policy was confirmed.

Unit standard review: The ED spoke to the report tabled on the review progress. Peter O'Neill said liaison committee members should be urged to discuss the flexibility the review would offer the J-schools.

1. The NZJTO sector committee approves the circulated L5 unit standards
2. The NZJTO sector committee endorses the CMITO executive activity required to accomplish the review

CMITO update: Joan Grace said the CMITO needed to hear from the industry to ensure needs were being met. She noted that conditions throughout the publishing and printing sectors were challenging. "We need to think about meeting the training needs of businesses, not just journalism." Clive Lind said the industry would advise – and quickly – if things were going wrong. He said conditions had been challenging but there were some positive signs.

The meeting finished at 11.26am


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held in Wellington on July 28, 2010

Welcome: The chairman, Clive Lind, welcomed those present and those linked via teleconference

: Physical: Clive Lind, Alan Samson, Gael Woods, Tim Pankhurst, Charles Mabbett; by audio-conference: by audio-conference: John Spring, Peter ONeill, Michael Cummings, Nevil Gibson, Kim Gillespie In attendance: the executive director, Mike Fletcher.

: Laura Franklin, Keith Slater, Peter Mackenzie, Joan Grace, Anne Benson.

Minutes of the April 21 Sector Committee meeting were confirmed: Tim Pankhurst/Charles Mabbett

Business plan and activity update: The ED's report was taken as read. This included that 43 print journalists were undertaking on-job training; 13 have completed three of the six modules and 19 have completed two modules. There have been five terminations, largely reflecting trainees moving out of the industry.

The review of the level 5 unit standards and structure of the course continues, with a meeting of J Schools planned for Wellington for August 31. Mike's report noted that the graduation rate last year in the polytechnic J Schools sector was 47 per cent compared with 97 per cent for the university providers, and that the JTO continued to emphasise the need for a higher ratio of graduates in line with the new TEC focus.

The AMAP has been updated and passed through its first review by the NZQA. The national foundation certificate programme is also undergoing review, with opinions from providers now being sought. Mike Fletcher commented on the various aspects of the 2010 activity plan. Discussion arising included:

Workplace training scheme: Tim Pankhurst said the "bail-out" of five trainees was a concern. He appreciated that people were mobile and were likely to go overseas but wondered what could be done to address the
issue. Clive Lind said the trainees clearly did not consider the completing of the scheme was important enough before they went overseas. Tim Pankhurst said there were implications for funding. Peter O'Neill and Michael Cummings suggested a tighter selection policy may reduce the number of terminated training agreements.

Level 5 unit standard review: Clive Lind said it was important that a strong group representing industry, editors and providers attend the review workshop planned for August/September. The ED assured the meeting it was intended that such a group be invited.

Judging: John Spring said the Community Newspapers Association appreciated the effort the JTO devoted to the CNA awards. Tim Pankhurst said the NPA similarly appreciated the JTO's involvement with the Qantas print media awards.
Activity report confirmed: John Spring/Gael Woods

Finance report: The report was taken as read, with the ED updating the members on the position at May 31. This showed funds totalling $113,000, with $66,000 on hand and $46,000 on term deposit. The annual budget predicts a loss of $7800, reflecting subscriptions being pegged as a result of the workplace training scheme and development costs relating to the scheme.
Financial report confirmed: Tim Pankhurst/ Nevil Gibson

Book sales: The ED tabled a report on sales to the year ended May 31. This showed a net gain for the year ended May 31 of $16,800. The meeting asked the ED to look at the need for updates as and when required and to investigate producing a new book for next year's general election.
Report received: Clive Lind/Charles Mabbett

J-school activity: The ED tabled a snapshot of J-school activity. Discussion arising included:

Appointment: The meeting congratulated Alan Samson on his appointment as a Research Associate for the Pacific Media Centre based at AUT.

Waiariki: Peter O'Neill said the new tutor, Craig Tiriana, was scheduled to visit Timaru to study the way in which Aoraki delivered the National Diploma in Journalism programme. The ED said Mr Tiriana had recently met the tutors delivering the programme at Wintec. Peter O'Neill noted that the departure of Annabel Schuler from Waiariki would be a loss to that J-school.

Whitireia: Tim Pankhurst said the graduation rate for Whitireia was "terrific." Twenty-eight of 29 students completed, with 24 passing.

Wintec: The ED outlined progress with the online programme for the national diploma. Alan Samson said he would be interested to learn how the students were progressing with shorthand. The ED said it was being offered via Moodle by a committed shorthand teacher well-known for achieving results. Clive Lind said tough standards were being imposed, and that he'd been impressed seeing it first-hand.

Aoraki: Tim Pankhurst noted numbers were down. He wondered if it would be worthwhile looking at the school establishing a closer link with the Otago Daily Times and Dunedin. Peter O'Neill said the ODT editor chaired the Aoraki advisory committee and the school had close links with the ODT and its community newspapers.
Report received: Gael Wood/Kim Gillespie

Iwi radio: The ED tabled a report from CMITO manager Anne Benson and gave a verbal update. The report recommended that CMITO work with Reo Maori Media Whakaruruhau to develop a new unit for reporting a news story from a Maori venue at level 5; revise the level 3 unit standards and provide a resourse to support the delivery of new unit standards at level 5.
Report received: Clive Lind/ Charles Mabbett

Journalism in secondary schools: The ED tabled a report from Anne Benson and gave a verbal update. The
report stated that JTO/CMITO continued to work developing policies and procedures that tidy up the teaching of journalism in schools and reinforce journalism as a possible career. Fifty-eight schools are accredited to deliver the level 2 and 3 unit standards.
Report recommendation adopted: Michael Cummings/Alan Samson

CMITO report: In the absence of the CEO of the CMITO, Joan Grace, the ED gave a verbal update. Clive Lind said the CMITO was in "good shape." He reiterated his call for wide representation at the Level 5 unit standard review.

General business: None The meeting finished at 11.20am.

Next meeting: October 28


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting,
held on April 21, 2010

Welcome: The acting chairman, Mark Torley, welcomed those present, in particular new members Gael Woods (RNZ) and Peter O’Neill (JEANZ president).

: Physical: Mark Torley, Grant Hannis, Gael Woods, Tim Pankhurst, Peter O’Neill, Joan Grace; by audio-conference: John Spring. In attendance: the executive director, Mike Fletcher.

: Clive Lind (chairman), Charles Mabbett, Laura Franklin, Keith Slater, Michael Cummings, Scott Inglis.

Acting chairman
: In the absence of the chairman, Mark Torley was acting- chairman.

Previous minutes
: Minutes of the October 20, 2009 Sector Committee meeting were confirmed.

Business plan and activity update
: The ED’s report was taken as read. Mike Fletcher commented on the various aspects of the 2010 activity plan. Discussion arising included:

New L4 foundation qualification: Tim Pankhurst asked if the new qualification would lead to a job or if it was to be used as a taster to journalism. The ED said the level 5 qualification was the minimum for entry to a newsroom.

Qualifications general: Gael Woods wondered if the qualifications generally were not an exercise in training fostered by the institutions. Grant Hannis said the requirements for journalism were specific. Experience showed that specific training was required.

Workplace training: The ED reported the major print groups had reconfirmed their support for the training scheme. Tim Pankhurst wondered if the print sector would be able to sustain numbers, given the lower number of journalists coming into the industry. The ED reported on the progress of trainees, noting that at some sites supervisors did not appear to be pressing trainees to complete assignments. The ED said the ITO was working on the issue. Grant Hannis said the matter of supervision had to be taken seriously.

Mark Torley asked about the JTO’s policy on workshops and seminars. The ED said the JTO position was that it had no legislative authority to organise seminars. He said workshops could be organised provided they were linked to the subjects contained in the workplace training programme.

Qantas Awards:
Tim Pankhurst outlined the work the NPA had done to ensure the print awards continued this year. His personal view was that if the NPA continued to be involved in organising the awards he favoured the retention of a student section. The ED assured the meeting that the JTO award for the best student would be continued. Both aspects were supported by Peter O’Neill and Grant Hannis.

New award:
The ED said the JTO had agreed to provide an annual award for the best workplace trainee. It was agreed he supply details to the NPA. 

J-school enrolments
: The ED tabled data on J-school enrolments and completions.

  Concern was voiced about the low rate of competitions for polytechnic students on the diploma programme. Mark Torley said his concern was that students were paying fees and then not completing. He asked if it were time to close some schools. Joan Grace said the JTO could not close schools. The TEC was now focused on completions. She recommended that local advisory committees apply pressure to ensure the completion rate was acceptable.

The meeting also questioned competitive entry criteria and the standard of students generally.  A general decline in the numbers seeking to study journalism had halved over the past 10 years. Grant Hannis noted that journalists were not well paid, nor were there a lot of jobs.
The meeting finished at 11.55am.

Next meeting:
July 28


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting, held on October 20, 2009

Minutes of the JTO Sector Committee meeting held at iPayroll House, 93 Boulcott St, on October 20, at 10am.

Present: Mike Fletcher, Mark Torley, John Spring, Grant Hannis, Kim Griggs, Joan Grace; by audio-conference: Peter McKenzie, Nevil Gibson, Scott Inglis, Keith Slater

:  Clive Lind (chairman), Charles Mabbett, Tim Pankhurst, Laura Franklin

Acting chairman: In the absence of the chairman, Mark Torley was acting chairman

Previous minutes
: Minutes of the June 19 Sector Committee meeting were confirmed

Activity update: Mike said all major tasks for 09 had been completed or were on track for completion within the activity plan timelines. This includes workplace training, the trial moderation of J schools, and review of the unit standards.

Strategic Training Plan:
The ED explained the plan had been developed from the strategic training workshop held in June and would be the JTO’s guiding document for the next 2-5 years. 

Trial moderation
: Grant Hannis said the project had involved Massey in a lot of work assembling the material. He hoped the schools that had agreed to the moderation would not have to go through the same process next year.  He felt that those who had completed the pilot should get some dispensation in 2010. Joan Grace said the moderation process would be discussed further at the JEANZ conference in December. Joan said the moderation panel would be in a better position to comment on procedures and the amount of material needed once the pilot moderation had been completed.

Short courses
: Kim Griggs said she was pleased to see this issue was to be re-visited. She said media law in particular was a subject that needed to be run regularly. The ED said the make-up of the subjects in the National Diploma in Applied Journalism provided an opportunity to run short courses that were linked to the qualification and thus qualified as training.

Budget for 2010: Mike outlined the key points of the budget, noting the result would be largely breakeven. He said the workplace training revenue would enable a decrease in industry subscriptions.  Costs had been minimised, largely as a result of reducing management overheads.

Workplace allowance
: Grant talked about the expenses allowance for students who had secured out-of-area workplace experience jobs. Grant argued that $140 is inadequate these days.
It was agreed JEANZ raise with the Newspaper Publishers Association the possibility of the allowanced being increased. Grant will bring this up at the JEANZ conference.

2010 meeting schedule
: Members will be advised before Christmas of the dates, once the new CMIT general manager has take up her role.


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting, held on June 19, 2009

Minutes of the Journalists’ Training Organisation Sector Committee meeting held on June 19, 2009, at the NPA premises, 93 Boulcott Street, Wellington, at 10 am.

Tim Pankhurst, Laura Franklin, Charles Mabbett

Clive Lind (chairman), Mike Fletcher, Joan Grace, Grant Hannis, John Spring, Mark Torley, (by teleconference) Nevil Gibson, Michael Cummings, Scott Inglis.

Previous minutes:
  The minutes of the previous meeting were received. 

Journalism Sector Activity Plan 2009:
  Mike detailed that the workplace training scheme is progressing well. Many workplaces and employees are now signed up to the scheme. Training of assessors is to take place early next year.
The Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan for the moderation of journalism schools is also progressing. This project has been contracted to consultant Norma Woodhead. Several journalism schools are involved in a trial moderation this year, focussing on the news-writing unit standard.
It is intended that all journalism schools will be moderated annually. Each year, specific unit standards will be used as the basis for moderation, with all units moderated over five years. Mike is to meet with the J Schools to discuss the proposals at a session immediately preceding the Jeanz conference at the end of the year.
As part of a review of the unit standards, the JTO will be holding a meeting of journalism-school and industry representatives to discuss what is covered in the unit standards, what industry expects of its new graduates, and any gaps between the two. The meeting is scheduled for June 29.

Financial summary:
  The financial report for the year ended April, 2009, showed the JTO had a surplus of $21,301 compared with a budgeted surplus of $10,504. This largely reflected a significant reduction in operating costs. 

J-schools’ activities:
Summaries of J-school operations were tabled, based on J-schools’ reports to their respective industry liaison committees.

Next meeting:
October 20.

Grant Hannis


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Sector Committee meeting, held on February 17, 2009

Minutes of the Journalists Training Organisation Sector Committee meeting held on February 17, 2009 at the NPA premises, 93 Boulcott Street, Wellington, at 10 am.

: Laura Franklin, Richard Patete, Mark Torley

: Clive Lind (chairman), Grant Hannis, Nevil Gibson, David Vaeafe, John Spring, Charles Mabbett, Grant Hannis, Tony Wilton; by teleconference: Keith Slater, Scott Inglis, Michael Cummings (by teleconference), In attendance: Communications and Media CEO Joan Grace, JTO executive director Mike Fletcher, PrintNZ GM Ashley Chisholm

Welcome: the chairman welcomed the sector committee members, noting 2009 would be a busy year.

Previous minutes: The minutes of the November meeting were taken as read. Confirmed, John Spring/Charles Mabbett.

Matters arising:
1. The training scheme and interns. The ED said he would contact the Christchurch Broadcasting School once the contents for the television training manual were finalised;
2. Publicising the training scheme. The ED said he was finalising a PowerPoint presentation for newsrooms and J-schools.
Appointment of CMITO Board members: After a brief discussion the following members were appointed- Clive Lind (representing print); Mark Torley (electronic media); Keith Slater (alternate member). Clive Lind’s appointment was moved David Vaeafe/ John Spring; the appointment of Mark Torley and Keith Slater was moved Clive Lind/Grant Hannis.

Clive Lind said all board members would find the new ITO structure challenging and interesting. The appointment of an alternate member would help ensure consistent representation from the journalism sector committee. He said it would be important for board members to report back to their respective sectors to ensure clear communication.
Journalism Sector Activity Plan 2009: The committee considered the plan – based on the eight key activities approved last December -and progress reports item by item. Discussion points included:
1. Support for workplace scheme. After several members questioned how the scheme would operate, it was agreed the ED send updated copies of the manual – which explains processes and support – to sector members. Clive Lind said a number of senior journalists were being approached to become assessors. He urged the sector committee to provide more names.
2. Accreditation and Moderation Action Plan. The ED confirmed there would be widespread consultation with the J-schools. Joan Grace said the current focus was on moderating the schools. In future there would be more focus on the subjects.
Confirmed, Nevil Gibson/David Vaeafe: That the report be received and the activity approved.

Strategic training plan: Joan Grace said the plan would provide clear aims and objectives. These were necessary to achieve success with TEC funding. Ashley Chisholm said the plan would identify key needs and skills. Clive Lind said there was a clear need to consult with the industry. While this might seem bureaucratic, the organisation would be the better for it. Once the base, via the strategic plan, was firmly established the focus could turn back to producing the better journalism we all enjoyed.
Confirmed, Keith Slater/Scott Inglis: 1)That the Sector Committee will produce a plan by September for confirmation in October; 2) that the management committee will form the nucleus of the plan working party with power to co-opt.

Financial summary: The financial report for the year ended December showed the JTO had a surplus of $37,757 compared with a budget surplus of $9450. The ED said the improvement reflected stronger than anticipated revenue and tight control on costs.
The surplus for January, at 19,233, was down $2473 on budget, reflecting a drop in membership revenue. The Ed said the new training focus of the JTO had little relationship with individuals unless they were linked to a workplace. Subscription debts incurred by individuals had been written off.
The cash-flow position for January (funds on hand and term deposit) amounted to $103,780 compared with $65,848 at this time last year.
Confirmed, Michael Cummings/Tony Wilton: that the accounts for December and January be approved.

J-school enrolments: The ED tabled provisional numbers, noting the total was similar to last year.
To a question from Nevil Gibson, Grant Hannis (the JEANZ representative and Massey journalism programme leader) said Massey’s smaller class number reflected the decision to offer an undergraduate course and the belief that a slight reduction in numbers would increase the quality of graduates.

Seminars: Clive Lind said seminars were beyond the statutory and practical capability of the JTO sector. He noted the JTO had a history of providing seminars and wondered if the sector could set up a link with a person or institution, such as a J-school, prepared to provide seminars for the benefit of journalists.
The sector, for example, could, via its website and contacts, promote approved seminars without being involved in their planning, funding or operation.
The sector members agreed with his view.
Confirmed, Charles Mabbett/Grant Hannis: that the sector committee liaise with potential providers abut contracting out seminars.

Meetings: A schedule of sector committee and management committee meeting was adopted. Confirmed, John Spring/Charles Mabbett.
It was further agreed, confirmed Grant Hannis/David Vaeafe, that teleconference facilities be available for out-of-Wellington members.
Moderation: The moderation report for a j-school was tabled. The school passed the moderation.
General business: none.

Next meeting: June 19, Venue to be confirmed.

The meeting ended at 11.35am.

Grant Hannis


Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Council meeting,

held on November 20, 2008

The JTO is no more – long live the JTO!
Today’s meeting of the JTO Council approved the Rules (constitution) of the new Communications and Media ITO, which will be launched officially on March 31.
As you know via a memo from Mike Fletcher, the merger of PrintNZ and the JTO was approved by the outgoing Minister of Tertiary Education last month. Today’s final meeting of the JTO council tidied away the last procedural matters. The JTO name will be kept as a brand for marketing purposes, and the JTO Council becomes a sector committee embedded in the new CoMITO, with one journalism representative on the overall CoMITO board, which covers print and packaging. The EPMU has two members. The operation will continue much as it is for another year – similar budget, managed by an executive director (who will be Mike, who has agreed to stay on in the meantime). The base will be shifted to PrintNZ’s office in Lower Hutt, but Mike will continue to do most of his office work from home in Rotorua. CoMITO Constitution

I raised one point about the new rules – the absence of JEANZ as a named organisation with the right to nominate a member to the new journalism sector committee (as we have now). That was immediately amended and JEANZ will have official recognition.

Workplace training diploma
Workplace training is the main reason why the merger was needed – to give the JTO the resources, staffing and government funding to get training up and running in newsrooms.
A lot of progress has been made. The meeting was presented with the manual for a proposed level 6 qualification called the National Diploma in Applied Journalism, which will take newsroom workers an estimated 12 to 18 months to do. It will work much as envisaged in the pilot run in 2006 - people will do their usual work, but it will be monitored and assessed, and learning that takes place will be formally recognised.

The manual sets out how this will work for print, with more to come for broadcasters. There are six module topics - to be covered by new level 6 unit standards being written now - including roundwork, news writing, feature writing, court reporting, media law and media ethics. These will be very familiar to you, of course, because we already teach them at J school. And this is the challenge CoMITO faces – writing unit standards that don’t overlap level 5s in a way NZQA will find unacceptable. Mike and his colleagues are working with NZQA on that now.

I applaud the new scheme - partly because in my previous role I was only too aware from research and talking to journalists how necessary it is; partly because it has the commitment of the major employers (the main reason I left the JTO was one key employer declined to commit to it); partly because it closely resembles the approach I was trialling in 2006/2007. The overall concept is certainly the same (one that I borrowed from other ITOs) – trainees have their usual day-to-day work output assessed by outside assessors, with someone in the newsroom appointed by the employer to supervisor the process and the ITO providing visiting liaison officers to support trainees and supervisors.

Such a scheme needs a full team and support/recognition from the government agencies, and that is what it will get. Joan Grace, CEO of the new body, has a lot of experience and credibility with TEC and NZQA, and the scheme has an excellent chance of success because of the involvement of her and her team. The unknown factors are newsroom seniors/supervisors and individual employers. They will need to commit fully. They would be silly not to, because the outcome should be better performed staff and less strain on those at the top of newsroom hierarchies, especially in production. Better quality performance should theoretically translate into more effective newsrooms and media products. The programme will start on April 1, with CoMITO aiming to enrol about 30 trainees. A big effort will be made to market the programme to industry and to inform media people about how it will work.

I believe journalism schools can play a part in marketing this by alerting students to the opportunities this represents when they leave our classrooms. When I gave my class a brief outline today, they were interested in the prospect of further professional development beyond our programme. Interestingly, the requirement that trainees have a prior qualification like the National Diploma in Journalism has been dropped, which opens the programme to anyone an employer wants to enrol.
Joan Grace presented figures which show:
• Significant funding will come from TEC to help set this up. It has already provided $70,000.
• Training costs to be met by the employee or (more likely) the employer are about $1500 over 12 to 18 months.
• The rest of the costs will be covered by funding from TEC (much as it funds places on tertiary provider courses like the existing National Diploma in Journalism (Multimedia).
• If 30 trainees are signed up in 2009 and 2010, contributions to the JTO by industry could drop by more than half in 2010 (from $130,000 a year to about $60,000), with $115,000 coming from TEC ($100,000) and trainees/employers ($15,000).

Moderation by JTO
It looks like we’re in for another change, but this one seems eminently sensible. A JTO consultant is expected to recommend soon that the JTO drops its three-yearly moderation cycle and “review” approach and moderate one or two unit standards each year across all schools. There would be no visits to schools by panels – schools would be advised which unit standards are up each year and would send samples of assessment to the JTO. Sounds fairer, and more practical than past models, which were cumbersome, expensive and not particularly effective in ensuring minimum standards were being achieved.

Review of unit standards
All the journalism unit standards will be reviewed, including the new level 5 ones, which is sensible given some of the problems that have arisen over interpretation and the sheer weight of assessment required. The lower level (2 and 3) ones are already being reviewed. Incidentally, Whitireia is looking at redeveloping the National Certificate in Journalism (Introductory) as a level 4 qual, something that Mike thinks will better fit the staircase he is constructing.

Mike would like to see best practice assessment models developed across the board. JEANZ members have already begun work on that, so such a move is likely to assist everyone. It should sort out the age-old problem of inconsistency between schools, which (rightly or wrongly) we tried to address with the new level 5 unit standards. I'm only to happy to share my assessments with others who are interested. Whatever happens, JEANZ will be well-advised to play a key role in this, for obvious reasons.

Subediting unit standard at level 6
The JTO has set up a working group (Charles Riddle, Julie Starr, Bryce Johns, Laura Franklin, Scott Inglis) to look at developing a level 6 subediting unit standard for the new applied diploma.

A meeting of shorthand tutors is planned.

Resignations and retirements
Tony Wilton is retiring from the EPMU and from the JTO. He's been involved with the JTO since its inception and has worked tirelessly over the years to further the cause of better training in industry. He was a key contributor to the new workplace programme and the merger.
I tendered my own resignation from the JTO, as well. Grant Hannis said he was happy to continue representing the university interests, but believes someone should be appointed by JEANZ to ensure polytech viewpoints are accommodated. I agree with him and I'm sure you'll find a replacement with that in mind.
I believe I've done my dash in the role, and now I'm involved in rebuilding Whitireia I have found little time to devote to representing JEANZ properly. Many thanks to those of my colleagues who have shared the load over recent years. I've enjoyed working with you.

Jim Tucker

Jeanz representative’s report on JTO Council meeting held on 8 November, 2007

Lincoln Gould (NPA), Mike Fletcher (CNA) Shenagh Gleeson (NPA) Keith Slater (TV3), Terry Brown (RNZ), Mark Torley (TVNZ), Laura Franklin (APN), Paul Taggart (Fairfax), Tony Wilton (EPMU), Charles Mabbett (Asia NZ), Grant Hannis (university observer), James Hollings (Jeanz) Jim Tucker (co-opted), Clive Lind (Fairfax)

1. Apologies: David Vaeafe (PIMA), Jemma Dempsey (Canwest Radio)

2. Mike Fletcher, acting executive director after the resignation of Jim Tucker, said that Jim had agreed to be co-opted on to the Council.

3. Mike Fletcher resigned as chair of the council to take up his new role as executive director. This was approved by the council. Lincoln Gould was nominated as chairman to replace Mike, and this was approved by the council. A moment’s silence was observed to mark the passing of JTO Council member Bruce Wallace.

4. The minutes of the previous meeting on July 4, 2007 were read and accepted.

5. Mike Fletcher said the proposed design and layout book had been postponed until at least mid next year due to lack of money.

6. Terry Brown asked that more effort be given to publicising student broadcast section of Qantas Awards, due to lack of entries.

7. Lincoln Gould said three more people would be needed on the management committee to replace Shenagh Gleeson (ret), Bruce Wallace (dec) and Mike Fletcher (resigned to become exec director). Council agreed to let Mike Fletcher and Lincoln Gould arrange that. Clive Lind said it was important to have someone from APN and community newspapers on the committee.

8. There was considerable discussion of the proposal to amalgamate the JTO with the Print Industry Training Organisation. Mike Fletcher said this was necessary because (a) the TEC had given JTO only until April to show good progress on a workplace training scheme, and until Oct to implement one, and (b) if the merger didn’t go ahead the JTO would go out of business.
The Print NZ ITO was chosen as a merger partner, in line with the recommendation from independent consultant Graeme Talbot. The council agreed to recommend to its funding stakeholders that it amalgamate with the PrintNZ to form a new multimedia ITO, the name of which is to be the subject of further discussion. Amalgamation is subject to agreement by the JTO and PrintNZ on a memo of understanding. It was also agreed that the JTO management committee will continue to negotiate on behalf of the JTO and report to the council.
Keith Slater asked at what point the amalgamation became inevitable. Lincoln Gould replied that it had to be ratified by the council before it could become a fact.

There was considerable discussion around the council table about the pros and cons of amalgamating. There were no strong objections to it, provided the autonomy of journalism could be maintained, it was financially viable, and the new organisation took account of broadcast interests. Many speakers made the point that something had to be done or the JTO would cease to exist and the journalism industry would then no longer have any influence over the NZQA on setting standards for journalism training.

9. It was noted that the revised Level 5 unit standards have been approved and posted on the NZQA website. Shenagh Gleeson asked if all J Schools would be teaching them. Grant Hannis replied that he expected the schools would be implementing them from next year.

10. Financial reports were tabled. These showed the JTO’s annual income to 30 Sept 2007 was $153,376, expenditure was $146,350, leaving a surplus of $7,026. These reports were accepted.

11. There was some discussion about the JTO’s new replacement for Intro. Mike Fletcher noted this was in progress and a decision hoped to be made in the next couple of days about whether it would be ready for next year’s courses. Grant Hannis noted that journalism schools would want to be sure that any textbooks from JTO were suitable before they would be prescribed for journalism school courses.

12. Moderations: Michael Fletcher noted that next year the NZ Broadcasting School, Aoraki, Whitireia and Waiariki were to be moderated.

General business:
Jim Tucker noted that a major reason to amalgamate with PrintNZ was to keep the TEC funding of $5000/ student, and that ideally the JTO should seek to apply for category B funding of $8500/ student. He also advised that Whitireia’s journalism school would be moving to new premises in the old Workingmen’s Club in Cuba St, Wellington.

Thanks were expressed to Shenagh Gleeson (retiring) for her work with the Council. Clive Lind was elected to replace her on the workplace training committee. Mike Fletcher asked that appreciation be shown to Jim Tucker for his work in getting the new level 5 unit standards approved. He said Jim had done a fantastic job on this project.

Next meetings: dates were set for the next JTO meetings:
March 12, May 21, July 16 (AGM) and Oct 15.

Jeanz representative’s report on JTO AGM and JTO Council meeting,
both held on July 4, 2007

Those present: Mike Fletcher, Jemma Dempsey, Nevil Gibson, David Vaeafe, Lincoln Gould, Terry Brown, Kim Griggs, Clive Lind, Keith Slater, John Stewart, Tony Wilton, Jim Tucker, Grant Hannis (standing in for James Hollings), Shenagh Gleeson, Charles Mabbett

After confirming the minutes of the previous AGM, Mike thanked Jim for his work at the JTO and congratulated him on his new role as head of the Whitireia journalism programme. I joined several other council members in also warmly thanking Jim for his time at the JTO and wishing him well for the future.

Jim reported on his activities since becoming executive director, including a significant improvement in the JTO’s finances, a range of industry seminars, and the launching of the pilot industry training programme.

A range of new textbooks are expected to be published this year, including Carol Archie’s Pou korero: A journalist’s guide to Maori and current affairs, Steven Price’s Media minefield: A journalist’s guide to media regulation in NZ and the new version of Intro, edited by Jim Tully.

The JTO is currently moderating four journalism schools, with moderation of another school due to start soon.

The JTO’s audited accounts were for a transitional short year of nine months (to Dec 2006) to bring the JTO’s financial year in line with the calendar year. This is to synchronise the JTO’s accounts with the TEC’s funding system, in anticipation of receiving TEC funding for workplace training. The JTO recorded a small deficit of $2405 (the previous March year’s result was a surplus of $48,279). This was because the transition year excluded February, a time of high income from book sales.

Ordinary meeting
Those present: Same as AGM

The minutes of the previous meeting were confirmed. In discussing the minutes, Jim noted that the JTO website now details the moderation status of each journalism school (see

Jim presented his report to the council. In particular, he noted that the JTO’s overhaul of unit standards is still proceeding. He also noted that a review of the pilot workplace training programme will be conducted over the next few months.

Jim presented a report on the JTO’s future direction. The TEC has given the JTO 18 months to show what it wishes to be:

1. A voluntary scheme. The JTO would establish a journalism diploma, registered on the NZQA’s framework but not based on unit standards. Journalism schools would voluntarily agree to be moderated. The JTO would continue to be industry funded.

2. An ITO. This would require the JTO to spend significant sums over the next year or so ($100,000-$130,000 to cover, for instance, establishing databases, hiring staff, and using consultants). The main media outlets would need to be involved in the JTO’s industry training programme. The JTO would receive major ongoing government funding, but not start up funding.

3. Part of another ITO. This is the option favoured by the TEC, as part of the government’s desire for fewer ITOs. The only other media-related ITO is PrintNZ, and the JTO has discussed with PrintNZ the possibility of a merger. The JTO would have to spend up to about $100,000 on transition costs (including using consultants, writing policies, hiring staff, etc.). The government would provide funding for the merger, but only after the merger is completed.

The major challenge the JTO faces is to decide which option to adopt.

The next meeting of the JTO Council was scheduled for 10am, Weds, October 10, 2007.


REPORT TO JEANZ of an ordinary meeting of the JTO Council held in the NPA boardroom at 93 Boulcott St, Wellington, at 10am on March 14, 2007:

PRESENT: Mike Fletcher (CNA) Chair, Lincoln Gould (NPA) Deputy Chair, Suzanne Chetwin (MPA), Shenagh Gleeson (NPA), Nevil Gibson (MPA), Kim Griggs (freelancers), Clive Lind (NPA), Keith Slater (TV3), John Stewart (TVNZ), Tony Wilton (EPMU).
Later (11.20am): James Hollings (JEANZ)
In Attendance: Executive Director Jim Tucker; Charles Mabbett (Asia:NZ); Ana Tapiata (Kawea Te Rongo).

1 Apologies: Terry Brown (Radio NZ), Laura Franklin (APN Regionals), Mitch Harris (Canwest Radio), Brian Joyce (JEANZ), Paul Taggart (newspapers, co-opted); Lincoln Tan (Asia/NZ media), David Vaeafe (PIMA), Bruce Wallace (TVBC).
Not present: Maramena Roderick (Kawea Te Rongo), Richard Sutherland (Radio Network).

2 Minutes of the previous Council meeting (November 8, 2006)
MOVED: Lincoln Gould SECONDED: Shenagh Gleeson
THAT the minutes be confirmed as a true and accurate record.

3 Matters arising
There were no matters arising.

4 Executive Director's report March 14, 2007
The ED commented on various sections of his report.
The council discussed at length the reluctance being expressed by some institutions to allow industry involvement in tutor appointments. Various members voiced concern at this, especially when the ED advised that in three recent cases people appointed to tutor positions had - in the view of industry people in one case - either insufficient news experience or inappropriate experience.
On a related matter, JTO is currently considering revised guidelines for industry liaison committees with J Schools. Some schools have objected to the tone and content of these – especially the extent to which JTO has input into hiring of tutors. The ED advises that there will be more consultation about these guidelines.
Clive Lind said industry was worried about the fact schools which did not come up to standard were able to continue operating. The ED said the process of moderation was lengthy, but the JTO was taking a firm line. In the end it could ask for a full audit and finally, if concerns were not met, the organisation could ask NZQA to take action.
Ultimately, a school could have its accreditation removed by NZQA, but this was a serious development and the process leading to such an outcome needed to be rigorous and correctly applied. In the case of one school, the JTO's moderation was into its second year; the JTO would not relent until issues with assessment were resolved.
Members had a number of suggestions for the proposed training seminar on interviewing, including the idea of someone known to be media wise being brought in to be interviewed in a workshop. Shenagh Gleeson said the emphasis should be on every-day news interviewing. It was suggested that a couple of difficult interviews (eg, Kim Hill and John Pilger) be used as examples of interviewing problems.
Shenagh Gleeson asked that a current industry layout practitioner be involved in the new layout and design textbook being edited by Allan Lee. The ED advised that Atex had agreed to be a part-sponsor. Suggestions for other sponsors included Adobe (In-Design), Apple Mac, Flint Inks, and P. J. Ball. Lincoln Gould is approaching Norske Skog.
Shenagh Gleeson asked what progress had been made with the proposed National Diploma in Editing. The ED said he had only three replies to his survey of editors, all of them expressing enthusiasm. He had not had time to progress development of the diploma. Clive Lind said some editors believed it was a good idea as a long-term solution to the subeditor shortage.
As chair of the Workplace Training Subcommittee, Shenagh will call a meeting to advance the proposal.
She also asked about the idea for student awards. The ED said Qantas Print Awards organiser Barry Young was interested in discussing a proposal for separate national journalism student awards. The current awards were one for broadcasting students and one for print, with entries numbering about 20 for print and half a dozen for broadcasting (all from one school).
The ED said he saw expanded new awards as part of the JTO's strategy in 2008 to promote journalism as a career choice. It was suggested Air NZ might be interested in being a sponsor.
It was decided the ED should bring a full proposal to the next JTO Council meeting.

5 and 6 Financial Reports
The Financial Report for February was tabled. The JTO ended the shortened financial year (April 1 to december 31) with a net surplus of $5,261. As at February 9, the operating account held $63,396.51, and the investment account $34,119, a total of $97,515.51. There was little activity in January, so outgoings this month will be minimal.
MOVED: Lincoln Gould SECONDED: Nevil Gibson
THAT the February Financial Report and Accounts be approved.

7 Audited Annual Accounts for nine-month financial period to December 31 , 2006
The ED advised that the nine-month period was necessary to realign the JTO's financial year with TEC's funding schedules. The results gave a distorted picture, since a key income period for book sales (February) was absent, while there had been considerable unbudgeted expenditure ($12,000) to launch the workplace training pilot. The auditor, Walter Brock, had found no issues with the accounts and had signed them off.
MOVED: Mike Fletcher SECONDED: Lincoln Gould
THAT the 2006 audited annual accounts for the JTO be adopted.

8 2007 Budget and Business Plan
These had been adopted by the Management Committee. There was no discussion.

9 General Business:
9.1 New tertiary strategy: The TEC is planning a new tertiary strategy. This will have some implications for J Schools. The JTO is keen to see tertiary funding criteria revised to reflect the extra time requirements journalism students need. The JTO will be lobbying for this.
9.2 Proposal to survey employers: The JTO is proposing to survey media employers to ask what their needs are in terms of graduates. Kim Griggs asked that employers be asked to specify the numbers of freelancers they used. Shenagh said it would be important to send the survey to the people in media organisations best able to provide data. The ED will consult the JTO Surveys Subcommittee. The survey will be applied online, but employers will receive a hard-copy letter alerting them to what was being done.
9.3 Asian student scholarship: Asia NZ is proposing a scholarship to encourage more Asian students take up journalism. Charles Mabbett said he had spoken with Paul Norris at the NZ Broadcasting School who urged that this be offered to secondary school students rather than current tertiary students. He asked for the proposal to be reconsidered. It was recommended that half the scholarship be paid in advance and half when the student completed his or her tertiary course.
Charles and ED were asked to bring an amended proposal back to the Management Committee.
9.4 Continued membership of the Industry Training Federation: There was a proposal from the ED to end membership of the ITF as it was felt it was not money well spent. Mike Fletcher said the ED had asked for this matter to be withdrawn, given the ITF was now proving to be of some value to the JTO in discussions about the government's new tertiary strategy.
9.5 Press Council review: Lincoln Gould advised a review of the Press Council had been commissioned and various members of the JTO, as well as the JTO as a body, would be invited to make submissions.
9.6 Freelancers conference: Kim Griggs said the second annual conference of freelance journalists was being held at the Hyatt Hotel in Auckland on May 2 and 3.
9.7 Canterbury University: Mike Fletcher advised that Canterbury University Graduate School of Journalism had agreed to be moderated this year by the JTO. The school also intended to appoint an industry representative to chair its board of studies following the resignation from Canterbury of Professor John Burrows.
9.8 Intro replacement: Mike advised that Jim Tully, editor/author of the replacement textbook for Intro, had given an undertaking that all copy for the new book would be sent to the JTO by the end of April.

10 New appointments to Council: At the ED's recommendation, two alternate members were accepted.
MOVED: Lincoln Gould SECONDED: Shenagh Gleeson
THAT Charles Mabbett and Ana Tapiata be co-opted as alternate members of the JTO Council for Lincoln Tan and Kawea Te Rongo respectively. PASSED

11 J School intakes for 2007: A report showing enrolments for 2007 was tabled.
The figures are below:

Industry Pre-Entry Programmes, graduating in 2007 Total: 229
National Diploma in Journalism 84
Graduate Diploma in Journalism 54
Post-Graduate Diploma in Journalism 20
Undergraduate degree (final year) 71
National Diploma Distance Learning, part-time Total: 25
Introductory and lower level Total: 58
Intro cert in journalism 23
Undergraduate degree (prior to major or final year) 35

Enrolments, and graduating numbers available to industry in 2007 (latter in red):

Aoraki National Diploma in Journalism 10 Down (from 16)
Intro Cert in Journalism (Chch campus) 13 Up
AUT Graduate Diploma in Journalism 27 Same
Journalism major in B Comm Studies 40 Up (from 35)
NZ Brdcstng Bachelor of Broadcasting 17 yr1; 18 yr2 Same
Canterbury Post Graduate Diploma in Journalism 20 Same
Massey Graduate Diploma in Journalism 26 Same
SIT National Diploma in Journalism 17 Up (15)
Journalism papers, B of Applied Media 10 yr1; 8 yr2 New
Intro Cert in Journalism nil Not offered
Waiariki Nat Diploma in Journalism (Maori) 15 yr1; 9 yr2 Same
Intro Cert in Journalism (iwi radio) nil Offered every 2 yrs
Whitireia National Diploma in Journalism 19 Up (from 14)
Intro Cert in Journalism 10 Up
WINTEC National Diploma in Journalism 20 Same
Journalism major, B of Media Arts 15 yr1; 14 yr2 Same
WITT Nat Diploma in Journalism (midway) 9 Down (15)
Extramural Nat Dip (distance) 25 Up

12. Seminar programme: JTO has a busy seminar programme planned for this year, with topics including business, health, law, convergence and others. See the JTO website for details.

13 Next meeting (AGM and Council): Wednesday, June 20, 2007.

There being no further business, the meeting closed at 11.45am.

Executive Director's Report, March 14, 2007
This report rehearses matters reported to and discussed at the February 14 meeting of the JTO Management Committee (the first for the year) and updates JTO Council members on developments since.
The JTO's main focus this year will be on the following:
1. Workplace training pilot.
2. Preparations for launching workplace training in 2008.
3. Review of unit standards and qualifications.
4. Assessing the impact of the government's new tertiary strategy.
5. Gaining re-recognition from TEC as an industry training organisation.
6. Finalising the revised external moderation plan.
7. External moderations of SIT, WITT, WINTEC and AUT.
8. Adoption of guidelines for Journalism Advisory Committees.
9. Training seminars.
10. Publication of new textbooks.

Most of these topics were covered in my report to the Management Committee on February 14 (see Attachment B). However, some updating is appropriate.

1. Workplace training pilot
Over the last month I have visited workplace trainees and mentors at the NZ Herald, RadioNZ, TVNZ, Maori TV, NewstalkZB (Auckland), Radio Live, and the Waikato Times. More visits will follow shortly to the Daily Post (March 21), Hawkes Bay Today, The Aucklander and the Northern Advocate.
I found in most cases the pilot had been disrupted over the holidays, but most of those involved were now ready to give it full attention. The response was generally enthusiastic, with one chief reporter saying it was working so well she thought her entire staff should be placed on it. The visits were a chance for me to see early work being done and to begin to resolve issues, such as a definition for "minimal subediting". This is a requirement for stories being placed in trainees' portfolios for later assessment.
Use of the new JTO Workplace Training Blog/Website has been slow, mostly because people misunderstood the logon procedure. The webmaster has worked hard to sort that out and I am now posting material on the site almost daily. It will eventually house a database of training resources as I get time to produce them. The site also has training manuals (including one for mentors) and the advanced diploma draft programme.
While at the independent community newspapers association annual conference in Dunedin I was asked if community papers could join up. I have since produced a community newspaper level 5 programme and we are about to sign up the first two papers. In cases where papers are too small to have on-site mentors available, we are offering outside trainers to work with them. They will be charged for that.
To this end, I am beginning to assemble a team of potential trainers and assessors. Those expressing interest include Maramena Roderick, Shenagh Gleeson, Laura Basham, Peter Kitchin and Bob Cotton. At present, Terry Brown and I are acting as outside assessors for radio and print, while we are contracting Maramena to do TV.
Meantime, I am working on the production of new modules, including those for court reporting, advanced numeracy and reporting diversity.
The aim is to launch the programme in 2008, but whether we do it with TEC funding will depend on our ability to meet their criteria for full recognition, as well as get new unit standards accepted by NZQA. Both may need more time, given our experience dealing with those organisations so far.

2. Unit standards review
Since February 14, the consultant and I have spent time preparing the third draft of the Level 5 unit standards for submission to NZQA. The second draft returned by NZQA on January 31 included several unit standards that needed reworking, although the bulk were more or less okay. This time we will be circulating the draft to the working groups who managed the consultation last year, asking them for formal sign-off.
The consultant will also be liaising with our contact person at NZQA (who is also doing the evaluation) to make sure the final submission is okay. Another couple of months should do it.
Because of the delays, I have decided to recommend to NZQA we delay the final expiry date for the old standards until December, 2009. That will give tertiary providers adequate lead-in time (they need about nine months) to change their documentation. Most will experimentally offer some of the new standards from next year.

3. New tertiary strategy
The Tertiary Education Commission has launched into the Cullen Plan to revamp the funding of tertiary education and over coming months all programmes will need to re-stake their claim for funding, and even the right to exist. That means there is some work in front of us making sure the 10 institutions who deliver our approved programmes are assisted to make a strong case not only for continuation but also be a better funding deal (see E-Noted, March-April Edition).
Council members who also serve on Journalism Advisory Committees are asked to raise this matter with tertiary administrators who attend committee meetings to see what information and support the JTO and industry can offer. I will be writing to the CEOs of all 10 to do the same.

4. Re-recognition
On February 19, with the help of two consultants and the PrintNZ ITO, the JTO submitted to TEC its case for temporary recognition as an ITO to continue for another 18 months from April. The bound document (a couple of hundred pages) had not drawn a response by the time of writing.
TEC's board will consider the matter in April. The feeling of those of us involved in the process is that we will get a sympathetic hearing, although not necessarily an 18-month extension. TEC staff we have been dealing with more recently have been helpful, and we have been steered by knowledgeable advice from Joan Grace at PrintNZ.

5. Moderation
Moderations continue at SIT (Southland) and WITT (New Plymouth) and has been started with WINTEC (Waikato). We will start the initial negotiations for dates, etc, with AUT soon.
With SIT, the moderation has been completed except for the news story unit standard, where the panel (me, Jim Tully and Fred Tulett) have found the standard of subediting is not acceptable. Fred, who is editor of the Southland Times and who chairs the advisory committee, has suggested some strategies that will ease time pressures on the tutors, allowing them time to subedit more thoroughly. This outcome will be discussed at the SIT advisory committee meeting on March 29. A further moderation of the unit will be required in six months.
WITT passed the pre-assessment moderation without difficulty last year and is now set for the post-assessment moderation of samples of assessments done. This will be carried out in May by the same panel as that involved in last year's postponed moderation (Venetia Sherson, chair; Annabel Schuler from JEANZ, and Rob Mitchell, a subeditor on the Taranaki Daily News). It is unlikely to involve a full panel visit.
I carried out the WINTEC pre-assessment moderation on February 27 and 28 and have submitted a preliminary report to WINTEC for feedback. The only issue to arise was the suggestion that some unit standards may be being over-assessed, something the panel will need to examine during the post-assessment moderation later this year. The panel comprises me as chair, Waikato Times editor Bryce Johns and a representative from JEANZ.
Since the new programme leader at AUT has only just assumed the role, I recommend their moderation be delayed until next year. However, negotiations for dates can begin soon. It will involve a similar timetable to that used for WINTEC.
Theoretically, the JTO can ask to moderate any school where there has been a significant change of staff. Including WINTEC, that applies to six of the 10 schools. It is beyond our capabilities to do five moderations in a year, so I propose we moderate on the following timetable:
• AUT – 2008
• NZ Broadcasting School – 2008
• Aoraki – 2008
• Whitireia – 2009
• Waiariki – 2009
The rationale is as follows: AUT is four years overdue for moderation; NZ Broadcasting School and Aoraki are due on the standard three-year cycle in 2008 anyway; Whitireia works closely with the JTO and I can monitor it fairly easily in the meantime; at Waiariki former programme leader Annabel Schuler now heads the faculty housing journalism and she is one of the most capable administrators I deal with. She also consults closely with the JTO.
The revised JTO External Moderation Plan (ATTACHMENT D) is now completed and is being referred to advisory committees for comment. I should be able to bring it back to the next Management Committee meeting for final sign-off. This is the outline of how we want to conduct moderations in future and is based on changes trialled in moderations at SIT, WITT and WINTEC.

6. Advisory guidelines
The draft guidelines (ATTACHMENT E) for Journalism Advisory Committees, which grew out of the meeting of committee chairs hosted by the JTO last November, have finally gained some attention from the tertiary institutions, who are objecting to the tone, language and some of the suggested content. They will make a joint submission to the JTO through the Institutes of Technology and Polytechnic Council and I will table this at advisory committee meetings as soon as possible. Individual institutions are also referring us to their existing in-house policies. This should be an item on all committee agendas over the first half of this year.

7. Seminars
The 2007 seminars programme (ATTACHMENT F) continues to develop as priorities change and sponsors drop in and out. At the time of writing, the one for Reporting the Economy was due to be staged on March 7 and 8 with 27 participants, followed by Hands-On Business Reporting in Auckland on April 17 and 18.
The forum on Reporting Diversity 2007 is scheduled for Wellington on May 15. This is by invitation only to ease pressure from the large numbers of non-journalists who are clamouring to attend. Preference will be given to working journalists and newsroom managers.
A seminar on rugby reporting is off in the meantime because the Rugby Union "has other priorities", while the overseas reporting one is being re-thought after NZAid and the Red Cross got too pushy about the programme content. I've heard nothing back from those who suggested the industrial reporting one, so that's on hold.
The Management Committee has decided the one for interviewing skills should go ahead without a sponsor – with a charge for attendance and no travel subsidy – because the topic is too important to neglect. I have launched a survey on the JTO website asking people for suggestions on how we should stage it. The tentative date is July, and we might deliver it in Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch to save on costs for attendees.

8. Textbooks
Since the Management Committee meeting, when concern was expressed about the Intro replacement, I have asked Jim Tully to commit to some new dates for production of drafts, as well as sort out some contributor problems. I have asked for him to start sending me first drafts to peruse, a practice the JTO follows with all its books.
We sold the last 140 copies of Intro over the past month and agreed to let Massey have 130 photocopied for students enrolled in their media studies programme.

9. Joint venture with PrintNZ
I have received a letter from Joan Grace, Chief Executive of PrintNZ ITO, saying they can commit no further funds to the investigation of a joint venture with us, having expended $16,000 so far. She says the door is open for further discussions in the future, since PrintNZ still believes a combined ITO "would be best for all concerned".
As mentioned above, the JTO is pushing ahead with regaining full recognition as an ITO in its own right. The cost of policy and procedures documentation for this is estimated by our consultant at $20,000; however, that would drop to $5000 if he was able to use electronic versions of similar existing documents from another ITO.
PrintNZ declined my recent request for these, saying it was reviewing all its documentation and current material would be too out of date to be any use. Fortunately, Tranzqual (formerly Roadtranz, the road transport ITO) has agreed to let us have theirs.

Jim Tucker
Executive Director



It would be fair to describe the 2007 turn around in the Journalists Training Organisation, both financially and professionally, as remarkable. Last year I reported that two important issues dominated business at meetings – the change of executive director and the need for the JTO to institute industry training (urgently)
We have a new executive director who is visible, well-organised and hard-working. The industry training pilot has begun with a full rollout planned for 2008. All credit to Jim Tucker for this. He has done this at some risk to his health. Apart from office organisation, some other work that he does:
• Attends all advisory committee meetings (30+ this year alone)
• Organises and manages the industry training scheme
• Organises and manages the review of the Level 5 (National Diploma in Journalism – a huge consultation and review task
• Organises and manages successful seminars throughout New Zealand (12 in 2006)
• Keeps the website up to date
Jim is a one-man band, not through choice, but because the JTO is funded by industry, one of only two or three ITOs that do so. Most industries have on-the-job training schemes which give access to taxpayer money. Once industry training is a reality the JTO will have access to government money.

JTO merger plans
The JTO is among the smallest ITOs. It is scarcely viable at its present size. A merger may be the only solution. Industry representatives on the JTO appear resistant to mergers with compatible ITOs, such as the print industry.
They want to retain the JTO’s independence, but at a cost to .the employee and the JTO in the long term. I think it is important to look at a merger of the ITO, maybe into something called the Media Training Oganisation.
At the moment membership is restricted to the mainstream journalism organistions (print, radio, tv), as well as Pasifka, Maori, freelancers and magazines. Fairfax, APN, Radio NZ and TVNZ pay the main bills with smaller contributions from others, including JEANZ.
Many of our graduates forge careers in organisations that are not represented on the JTO. Should those working on the ‘dark side’ be brought into the media fold of a broader based media ITO? I would like a steer on this because it will come up for discussion at the March meeting of the council .

National Diploma review
I was involved in the early debate about changes industry wanted to the National Diploma. We (the education committee of the JTO) met in Auckland with Fairfax, APN, TVNZ, Radio NZ, Maori and JEANZ present around the table.
APN was concerned about our graduates lacking knowledge of society and not up to standard with news writing.
Many of the concerns have been addressed in the new draft unit standards, particularly merging seven unit standards into two – 23106 Find and gather information for news stories (30 publishable) and news writing 23111Write a variety of news stories (30 publishable). These two mega unit standards plus shorthand comprise about 54% of the course (in credits) –70 out of 130. Note the increase in credits.

JTO Council meeting (March, 2006)
The most contentious issue was the ‘publishing’ of the full report of the review of a journalism school in the appendices to the meeting papers.
I raised three issues:
1. A student’s name had been left on the news copy presented for moderation (a mistake that hopefully won’t happen again)
2. As a journalism tutor at an institute competing for students, I was privy to knowledge that I shouldn’t be. JTO Council members said they had faith in me not to use the knowledge at Whitireia.
3. I questioned whether council members needed such in-depth information about the course (23 type pages including graphs). I made the point that if they had faith in the moderation system there was no need for such information to be disseminated so widely. I was a sole voice.
Note the Attachment N was marked Confidential in red. I rang the journalism tutor of the moderated course. The tutor was comfortable with what had happened. The tutor was also appreciative of the offers of support and mentoring offered by Jim Tully and Jim Tucker (two of the moderators).
Other meeting matters:
• Lincoln Tan, editor of an English/Chinese newspaper, was co-opted on to the council representing Chinese media interests.
• Replacements for textbooks were approved – Intro, Guide to the Law, Layout and Design. New textbooks on Court reporting and Media Regulation and Complaints were approved subject to finance.
• A loss of $3000 (year to March 2005) was turned around – a surplus of $30,000 (year to March 2006). This year all seminars have been well sponsored. I attended an excellent one on court reporting sponsored by the Ministry of Justice.
• Position papers on the training needs for ethnic minority journalists (written by Gary Wilson and Lincoln Tan) were circulated.
JTO Council June meeting
The main item for JEANZ members was the presentation by the executive director of a Diploma in Editing plan to meet a “critical shortage of sub-editors being experience by some sections of the industry”. It was decided to explore the idea further.
I raised a concern that we were inventing a new diploma to meet need when the answer might lie elsewhere. My concern was that limited reporting experience does not always make a good sub-editor. Watch this space because other pressing training matters have set this plan back.
JTO Council November meeting
The review of the National Diploma in Journalism unit standards was in its final draft form at the November meeting and ready to pilot in 2007 for a general rollout in 2008. Major changes have been made to address industry concerns about lack of knowledge about society and poor news writing standards by graduates.
Jim Tucker organised a meeting of course advisory committee chairs in Wellington to discuss their role in journalism training. Some advisory committees are healthy and others less so, one even has a journalism tutor as the chair person. The plan is to have an annual meeting of chair people.
The national survey of journalists drew 1216 responses and provided a wealth of information about journalists, editors and training. A survey of employers is planned for next year.
A pilot manual for the workplace training qualifications was presented to the meeting.
Harris Management Solutions recommended that the JTO “agrees in principle to a joint venture with PrintNZ Training”. This will come up for discussion at the March 2007 meeting of the council. It would be useful if your representative had a JEANZ steer on it.
National Certificate review
I have been seconded to the Journalists Training Organisation to help draft new Level 2-4 journalism unit standards. We are consulting as widely as possible given the tight timeframe. All members of JEANZ involved in the National Certificate in Journalism (Introductory) at Level 3 and key secondary school teachers involved with Levels 2-4 (mostly Level 2 and 3) were invited to a meting in Wellington on November 6. Most were able to attend.
Another meeting of group leaders was held on Friday, December 1. I will be writing a draft set of unit standards based around the consultation and feedback. Those draft unit standards will circulate as widely as possible during January-February.
How the NCEA achievement based work at secondary schools mesh with the NZQA unit standards qualifications will be discussed.
JTO Council rep job description
I would like a clearer steer on consultation throughout the year and with whom. I think the time has arrived when I need to consult the JEANZ committee before (when the agenda etc arrive) and after meetings of the JTO council.
I wish you well for the AGM and Conference. I am sorry that I am unable to be there with you. Despite my health issues, I am a functioning journalism tutor, so am able to fulfill my duties next year as your representative. If you want a change, so be it.
If I continue as your rep, I would suggest that James Hollings attend JTO meetings, too, if things involving the university courses are on the agenda. He is the JEANZ alternate on the JTO.
A number of off-the-cuff comments have been made at JTO Council meetings about university courses that I have been unable to respond to. Note: Nothing serious, just throwaway lines thus far. There appears to be an anti-university prejudice wafting over the Tasman which I have no problem dealing with (I have a couple of university degrees).

Brian Joyce
Journalism tutor
Whitireia Community Polytechnic
Porirua City